java向指定URL发送GET或POST请求

import org.slf4j.Logger;import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;import java.io.BufferedReader;import java.io.IOException;import java.io.InputStreamReader;import java.io.PrintWriter;import java.net.URL;import java.net.URLConnection;import java.util.Iterator;import java.util.List;import java.util.Map; public class UrlUtils { private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(UrlUtils.class); /** * 向指定URL发送GET方法的请求 * @param url 发送请求的URL * @param param 请求参数,请求参数应该是 name1=value1&name2=value2 的形式。 * @return URL 所代表远程资源的响应结果 */ public static String sendGet(String url, String param) { String result = ""; BufferedReader in = null; try { String urlNameString = url + "?" + param; URL realUrl = new URL(urlNameString); // 打开和URL之间的连接 URLConnection connection = realUrl.openConnection(); // 设置通用的请求属性 connection.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*"); connection.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive"); connection.setRequestProperty("user-agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1;SV1)"); // 建立实际的连接 connection.connect(); // 获取所有响应头字段 Map<String, List<String>> map = connection.getHeaderFields(); // 遍历所有的响应头字段// for (String key : map.keySet()) {// System.out.println(key + "--->" + map.get(key));// } // 定义 BufferedReader输入流来读取URL的响应 in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader( connection.getInputStream())); String line; while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) { result += line; } } catch (Exception e) { log.error("发送GET请求出现异常!" + e); e.printStackTrace(); } // 使用finally块来关闭输入流 finally { try { if (in != null) { in.close(); } } catch (Exception e2) { e2.printStackTrace(); } } return result; } /** * 向指定 URL 发送POST方法的请求 * @param url 发送请求的 URL * @param paramMap 请求参数 * @return 所代表远程资源的响应结果 */ public static String sendPost(String url, Map<String, ?> paramMap) { PrintWriter out = null; BufferedReader in = null; String result = ""; String param = ""; Iterator<String> it = paramMap.keySet().iterator(); while (it.hasNext()) { String key = it.next(); param += key + "=" + paramMap.get(key) + "&"; } try { URL realUrl = new URL(url); // 打开和URL之间的连接 URLConnection conn = realUrl.openConnection(); // 设置通用的请求属性 conn.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*"); conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive"); conn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Charset", "utf-8"); conn.setRequestProperty("user-agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1;SV1)"); // 发送POST请求必须设置如下两行 conn.setDoOutput(true); conn.setDoInput(true); // 获取URLConnection对象对应的输出流 out = new PrintWriter(conn.getOutputStream()); // 发送请求参数 out.print(param); // flush输出流的缓冲 out.flush(); // 定义BufferedReader输入流来读取URL的响应 in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream(), "UTF-8")); String line; while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) { result += line; } } catch (Exception e) { log.error(e.getMessage(), e); } //使用finally块来关闭输出流、输入流 finally { try { if (out != null) { out.close(); } if (in != null) { in.close(); } } catch (IOException ex) { ex.printStackTrace(); } } return result; } }
发表评论

相关文章